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Goethe also received lessons in dancing, riding and fencing.
Johann Caspar, feeling frustrated in his own ambitions, was determined that his children should have all those advantages that he had not.
His conversations and various common undertakings throughout the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Gottfried Herder, Alexander von Humboldt, Wilhelm von Humboldt, and August and Friedrich Schlegel have, in later years, been collectively termed Weimar Classicism.
As his studies did not progress, Goethe was forced to return to Frankfurt at the close of August 1768. During the year and a half that followed, because of several relapses, the relationship with his father worsened.
In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him exist.
A literary celebrity by the age of 25, Goethe was ennobled by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Carl August in 1782 after taking up residence there in November 1775 following the success of his first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther.
During convalescence, Goethe was nursed by his mother and sister.
In April 1770, Goethe left Frankfurt in order to finish his studies at the University of Strasbourg. No other landscape has he described as affectionately as the warm, wide Rhine area. The two became close friends, and crucially to Goethe's intellectual development, Herder kindled his interest in Shakespeare, Ossian and in the notion of Volkspoesie (folk poetry).Goethe's comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, most notably Johann Peter Eckermann's Conversations with Goethe.